The Quadriceps Strength Test provides you with a rough estimate of how functionally effective your quadriceps muscles are, right now. It take about two (2) minutes to complete.
1. The Quadriceps Strength Test
2. Test Results/Implications
3. Quadriceps Exercises (Easy to Advanced)
4. Quadriceps Exercises (For People with Osteoarthritis)
Quadriceps Strength Test (QST)
Description: A measure of your ability to push your leg forward using your quadriceps muscles.
Equipment: Chair, and someone to work with you to offer resistance and feel how much you are able to move your leg.
Patient Instructions: “Sit on a tall table (such as a massage table) so your leg can move freely. A second person will sit in front of you and hold your ankle firmly. Once you both decide you are ready, your job is to push forward away from the table. The person holding your ankle will try to slow and stop your motion. This person will evaluate your ability to move.” See the key below.
Second Person/Therapist/Friend Instructions: Hold the patient’s leg at the ankle firmly while the patient pushes away from the table.
The idea is to evaluate how much strength you are able to exert:
1. Full Resistance (normal quadriceps strength)
2. Moderate Resistance (mild quadriceps weakness)
3. Poor Resistance (severe quadriceps weakness)
The Implications of Your Quadriceps Strength Test Score
If you scored a 2 or 3 on the test, you should pay attention to your quadriceps strength and ability to straighten your leg (extension). Read on as we have some insight for you below. Go to sections 3 and 4 for moderate and advanced exercises to strengthen and stretch your quadriceps muscles.
The quadriceps femoris is a group of muscles located in the front of the thigh. The Latin translation of ‘quadriceps’ is ‘four headed,’ as the group contains four separate muscles: the vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, vastus intermedius, and the rectus femoris. Each of the vastus muscles originates on the femur bone and attaches to the patella, or kneecap. The three vastus muscles are also partially covered by the rectus femoris, which also attaches to the kneecap. However, unlike the vastus muscles, the rectus femoris inserts into the hip bone. (Healthline)
How to Build Quadriceps Strength (Start Here, Easy to Difficult)
Here we have some easy to do exercises as presented by to amazing physical therapists, Bob and Brad. The walk us through quadriceps exercises from easy to challenging.
1. Long Arc Quad
2. Knee Bend & Hold (with chair)
3. Ball on the Wall Squat
4. One-Legged Squat (with two chair)
5. One-Legged Squat (with weights)
How to Build Quadriceps Strength
Here is an addition look at good exercise for you to do to build your quadriceps muscle.
1. Knee Lift
2. Sit to Stand (hands behind head)
3. Standing Quad Stretch (with chair)
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